Discovery have a series of videos about the recent findings. Advert stuffed they won't play for me on FireFox but I did manage to get them to play on Google Chrome. (If having to watch crappy adverts is the future of Egyptology given the new Egyptian laws designed to maximise income from artefacts, then I may find myself a new hobby. These adverts are really very tacky and intrusive. They are up to 30 seconds long before you reach a 2 minute informative segment. Sorry. Just run them through in a background window while you do something constructive in another window. I do promise to boycott frugalista and Hunt's tomatoes in protest. I have a monthly bandwidth limit - which I know is common in some countries - and these adverts have eaten a significant portion of it. Not happy.)
If you persist though, there is some information in the videos which hasn't come out in the previous articles:
- 15 DNA samples were taken from Tutankhamun's femur. There are good scenes of his Valley of the Kings tomb as a bonus
- Tutankhamun's age at death repeated as being 19.
- In Pharaoh Forensics the scientists examine the unwapped mummy from KV55. You can see them display the bones which allow them to give an age assessment. The skull suggests an age in the 20s, but the spine and femur lead them to assess the age as about 40. (That's an earlier age than I have seen reported in some written articles.)
- The parental relationship between KV55 and Tutankhamun is based on 10 sequences which they state would be sufficient to prove paternity in modern court cases.
- In Royal Sister-Wife, the video identifies Ankhesenamun as Tutankhamun's sister. I'm not aware that the DNA has shown this (it's something I'll be looking for when I find time to read the paper itself as this is important confirmatory evidence) but they are suggesting this, I think, on the basis that they have "called" Ankhenaten as Tutankhamun's father. This should, in fact, make Ankhesenamun Tutankhamun's half-sister.
- Mitochondrial DNA wasn't enough to prove more than a familial relationship between the Younger Lady and Tutankhamun. Maternity was proved by matching 8 DNA sequences. That is less than the paternity shown for KV55 but I would guess the mDNA evidence adds to the probabilty and may bring it up to legally accepted levels of significance.
- Zahi believes that KV63 in the Valley of the Kings was intended for Kiya and that she is Tutankhamun's mother. He links the fact that she disappeared in Year 12 of Akhenaten's reign with the birth of Tutankhamun in the same year.
- In King Tut Unwrapped, there are very nice shots of the golden throne in the Egyptian Museum. It is photographed outside the glass and the Tutankhaten cartouche is highlighted.
- Killer Malaria is the weakest segment for me and seems to add relatively little to written published material.
My Personal Thoughts on Paternity / Maternity
I know I will be criticised by some and my remarks discarded because I am only an amateur Egyptologist, but fortunately I am as equally qualified when it comes to genetics as most Egypologists :-)